Urban children born through Caesarean section are at high risk of developing food allergies compared to their rural counterparts.
A study among rural and urban children aged 12-36 months showed children in the two setting are affected by food allergies differently.
Urban children born through C-section, the study found to be at high risk of food allergies. But consuming fermented milk products was found to protect them from allergies.
The study by several universities including the Aga Khan University Hospital, Nairobi and the University of Cape Town, South Africa had assessed food and environmental risk that may lead to skin, eye and asthmatic allergies in children.
Carried out in South Africa the study found that both urban and rural children exposed to antenatal smoking and environmental smoking after birth were at high risk of becoming asthmatic.
Consumption of fast foods and fried meat was also associated with allergy, says the study published on 10th October 2019 in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.
Exposure to farm animals in infants and their mothers during pregnancy was found to protect against allergic outcomes in the rural population